lundi, 24 septembre 2018
 

Sud Soudan : Statement of Communist Party of South Sudan

Dear comrades

It gives me and the entire membership of the newly established Communist Party of South Sudan pleasure to stand here to address this august gathering of parties which are in the forefront in the struggle against imperialism. Please accept the greetings from the members of the newly formed communist party in the heart of Africa. For us, this is an historic event for this is our first appearance in an International communist gathering. We appreciate very much the invitation extended by the Secretariat of ICS2013 to us to attend. We take this opportunity to thank the Secretariat for the assistance they rendered was what enabled our representative to attend.

Our approach

In our address we will have nothing to contribute to the theme of the Seminar which is « The attacks on the democratic rights and freedoms in the world capitalist crisis. Strategies and actions in response ». This is because we have nothing to contribute to the topic at present due to lack of accumulated data. But we may say something in regards to the situation in South Sudan and some highlights on our National Democratic Alternative.

Government plan

In South Sudan there is virtually no formal economy worthy of the name, apart from the international oil industry. With 98 percent of government revenue based on oil rents, and its political survival dependent on the good will of the US, the Government of South Sudan is tied to market economy. In any case the SPLM has nothing against neo-colonialism, and on the eve of independence the government was selling off large chunks of land to international agro-industrial corporations, announced its intentions of selling government assets, and was looking to the US-based money markets for loans for its development plans. The government annual budget is approved by International Bank and IMF under the banners of stabilization and structural adjustment and others. At this stage, we are sure that South Sudanese are going to experience the ills of capitalist way of development in a country with subsistence social economic relations.

South Sudan achieves independence

The Sudan, as you know, was ruled as one country for 55 years after independence from Britain. But due to historical reasons, this rule faced many difficulties because of absence of democracy and lack of responsible governance. Sudan, being a multi-cultural, multi-religious, multi-racial entity its marginalized peoples experienced discontent with policies of the Central government, that was mostly controlled by Arab-Islamic bourgeois nationalists. South Sudan is inhibited by national minorities of negro races who felt the burden of oppression and neglect. This made them to take up arms against the Central Government that raged for 21 years. Peace was achieved in 2005 promising self-determination for South Sudan through a referendum in which the South Sudanese voted overwhelmingly for independence.

On July 9, 2011, South Sudan became an independent state with sovereignty over its territory, peoples and resources. This situation brought about fundamental restructuring in Sudanese set-up be it political, economic or otherwise.

Formation of Communist Party of South Sudan

Within the Communist party of Sudan a new situation developed due to the need of disengagement resulting in separate and independent existence of two parties, one for North Sudan (old Sudan) and the other meeting the organizational needs of southerners who used to be members of Communist party of Sudan as regards constitution, program and organizational structures.

In order to meet these organizational needs, a meeting of southern communists was held on 25/6/2011 in Khartoum just about a month before declaration of the independence. The meeting was attended by southern communists from six regions in the South and members of coordination office based in Khartoum. The meeting was also attended by communists from North Sudan who once worked in the South and representatives of Communist party of Sudan leadership including its Political Secretary.

The meeting resolved the following :
- 1. Termination of membership of southern communists in Communist party of Sudan ;
- 2. Announcement of the formation of Communist Party of South Sudan and to be announced jointly by the leadership of the two parties at a press conference in Khartoum ;
- 3. A Leadership Committee of 15 members was elected to temporary lead the Party until the founding convention of the Party ;
- 4. A Central Secretariat of 7 members was elected to carry out daily activities of the Party ;
- 5. The constitution of the Communist party of Sudan was adopted, with necessary changes, to be the constitution of Communist party of South Sudan. The leadership of the Party has now moved to South Sudan to begin the re-organization work after the onslaught of military dictatorships which targeted mostly progressive forces causing them to flee for refuge in Diaspora. The task is great and difficult but we are forging ahead in spite of limited resources and trained party cadres.

National democratic authority

On the question of democracy and alliances, we seek to establish the national democratic authority, by popular struggle and through democratic means. This authority has the following features :
- 1. Its political composition reflects a broad alliance of all political organizations/national forces of democracy, none of which will rule alone.
- 2. The National Democratic authority adopts policies and principles of socio-economic and cultural democracy.
- 3. Parliamentarian democracy is consolidated by the masses through its organizations.
- 4. To devise different mechanisms and channels that are governed by law and regulations in order to deepen popular participation in the democratic process, and allow the widest sectors to express their views freely and exercise their rights to citizenship and in decisionmaking.

Out come of dependent capitalist development

Experience has shown that dependent capitalist policies of development failed in lifting any of underdeveloped countries out of underdevelopment. It failed in uniting the dismantled economic structure, and in establishment of a unified market out of interrelated parties. It failed also in achieving economic independence. But instead it crystallized backwardness and dependency to centers of global capitalism. Policies of dependent on capitalist way of development lead to expanding the circle of poverty and deepen inequalities between regions. As well as between classes and social strata. In order to avoid the above situation, CPSS puts forth this alternative national democratic development plan :

National democratic alternative

To surmount the reality of underdevelopment and distortions created by capitalist development policies require a conscious and continuing development, leading to structural transformations and generate subjective momentum in the national and diversifying the base of the economy and creating numerous and stable ties between and within sectors. This process requires the resettlement of modern technology and building technological base as the most important means of raising productivity and efficient use of resources to build a national economy that is coherent, multi-sectional and varied products to meet the needs of production and consumption, with the efficiency of production and reproduction of its rapidly growing and achieving economic independence.

This alternative development poses a democratic balanced and self-sufficient because it is based on broad participation of masses of people in making and implementing political and economic decisions in order to achieve development, so that these masses are the first beneficiaries and reap the benefits of this development, and that in accordance with the principle of democracy and social justice. Democratic development ensures the right of each state or region in South Sudan and all members of the community in the process of development, and gives the states and regions of the country equal opportunities in economic and social development as well as offering positive discrimination to the areas affected by war and negative development policies of capitalism.

Economic surplus

National democratic strategy seeks to advance the process of real accumulation and expand the productive base of national economy. This requires that the potential surplus should be at the center of its attention, as a source available to increase economic surplus, and then use it according to the priorities of the national strategy for development. This requires mobilization of this potential surplus and putting it at the disposal of community, there should be a range of actions and measures :
- · Curbing the seeping of economic surplus abroad.
- · Reduce bragging consumption of new growing parasitic capitalism and prevent the spread of the social behavior of this segment among classes and other social strata.
- · Combating corruption.
- · Controlling military and government spending at all levels. It also calls for effective role of banking system and provident funds, and require a tax policy in favor of producers at the expense of commercial capital and banking sector and nonproductive activities. And create favorable conditions and incentives for producers in all sectors : public, private, local, foreign, mixed, cooperative. State budget should play a pivotal role in redistribution of national income in accordance to the priorities of national development strategy. Also the mass initiative is an important element in the explosion of potential economic surplus and expansion of the real accumulation circle. This is subject to the extent of democratization of development.

The economic role of the state

The implementation of democratic national development strategy requires an active economic role of the state, not only in designing strategy, policies and development plans and supervision, but also in effective contribution in productive activity. Undertaking this role becomes more urgent in the conditions of weak domestic private capital, with traditions of productivity and reluctance of foreign capital and difficulties in subjecting it to national democratic development priorities. Success of this role depends on democratic governance, transparency and addressing the issue of efficiency and effectiveness of institution and governmental units, strictly using high standards of productivity and trade profitability to determine the efficiency of institution engaged in producing goods and services. The establishment which provides mechanical, health and educational services, the national democratic state is liable to provide the necessary resources to meet their funding to the extent that enable them to operate efficiently and to provide their services free of charge to citizens.

National private sector

The national private sector is one of the main pillars of the national democratic development process. In this process there is no contradiction between the active economic role of the state and the important role of the private sector, it does not even curb it. Even the active role of the state, forms a productive cover for the private sector in the conditions of globalization. The financial, monetary and trade policies are in favor of producers regardless of their sectional or social affiliation, The state should take the necessary measures to reduce the parasitic activity and remove national product from unequal competition with global monopolistic capital.

The co-operative sector

The national democratic development strategy stresses on the role of cooperative sector, and is concerned with the traditions of this sector as regards production of goods, services, and consumption. Since South Sudan community is a backward traditional economy, hence the struggle of our party is concerned with the grouping of small producers, such as farmers, pastoralists, artisans and consumers in cities and country side, in cooperative movements. Broadening the base of cooperative movement means benefit from the advantages of mass production, and increase in capacities of producers, and protect them-together with consumers – from the exploitation of commercial capital and contribute to alleviating the burden of living.

Focus on the sector of state, private and cooperative does not mean the exclusion of other forms of property, such as the mixed ownership and foreign capital and small ownership. All these forms play roles, in the national development process. Economic blocks and international organizations Accession to the economic blocks is a necessity required by major transformations taking place in the world. This accession eases the negative effects of globalization on developing countries, because these blocks expand the market of products of our country. The success of economic blocks depends upon the meeting of strategic goals, with the goals of development in the member country, and prevention of members who are relatively strong to exploit weaker members, and that the blocks stand clearly against any policies or procedures that weaken the domestic production.

We deal with regional and international organizations, according to the position of these organizations in the fabric of economic relations. We deal with them without a waiver of our right to launch independent development and to achieve economic independence.

Environment

Environment is no longer understood only geographically or physically, the human awareness is elevated to understand it as a nurtured of human life, and plays the role of a fulcrum and starting points for development and human progress, thanks to its resources : human, natural, plant, animal and all contents of all its global space. That is why we are working on :
- · Participation in the international agreements for environmental sanitation and contribute with the people of the world in protecting and preserving its diversity and in reduction of green house gases.
- · Aversion of desertification and clearing of plant cover and the unjustified felling of forests, erosion of soil and decline in productivity.
- · Protection of the rivers and their tributaries and to make maximum use of their waters.
- · The national democratic state adopts a proper planning of development, knowledge of resources and rationally exploiting it, reproducing it and issuing laws of protection of the environment.
- · Raising the capabilities of potential environmental sanitation, in planning of cities.
- · The use of discovery of oil to provide national gas far consumption as alternative to charcoal and fire wood, and expand the use of solar energy and other energy sources.
- · National mobilization and regional and global participation for demining and preventing burying of chemical waste in our territory.
- · Adoption of scientific methods of garbage recycling and disposal where appropriate.

Dear comrades

This is our address to this esteemed gathering, and please excuse us for not directly addressing the theme of the seminar

Thank you.

22nd International Communist Seminar

Brussels, May 31 – June 2, 2013

 
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